To facilitate interaction between scholars, advocates, and organizations dedicated to historical dialogue and accountability, ADHA has complied a list of organizations from around the world that do work in or related to such topics. The organizations listed below focus on historical dialogue, reconciliation, memory, transitional justice, education, and/or the arts. Each one has a brief description included from its website to provide some detail on the nature of its work.
This list is by no means complete. We welcome your suggestions for other organizations that work in the field of historical dialogue and accountability. Please their relevant information, and we will include them as a resource.
Cape Town, South Africa
The Archival platform is a civil society initiative committed to deepening democracy through the use of memory and archives as dynamic public resources. Established under the auspices of the University of Cape Town and the Nelson Mandela Foundation, the Archival Platform aims to play a catalytic role in the way in which practitioners, theorists and the general public think about the archive and the ways in which the process of archiving is practised in South Africa.
Cape Town, South Africa
The Centre for Popular Memory (CPM) is an oral history based, research, advocacy and archival centre located at the University of Cape Town. We record and disseminate peoples’ stories to expand the democratizing possibilities of public history. The CPM trains students and organizations in oral/ visual history research, theory and forms of public representation; and runs a publicly accessible multi-lingual archive that contains over 3000 hours of audio and video.
Johannesburg, South Africa
The primary goal of the CSVR is to utilise its expertise in building reconciliation, democracy and a human rights culture within South African governance and society. As part of its reconciliation work, the Centre is active in generating policy in regard to the Truth and Reconciliation Commission to deal with past abuses of human rights in South Africa. CSVR's work is rooted in an analysis of the shifting forms of conflict and violence within societies enduring a transition to democracy.
Cape Town, South Africa
As an independent space where the forgotten understandings of the past are resuscitated, where different interpretations of that past are facilitated through its collections, exhibitions and education programmes, the Museum is committed to telling the stories of forced removals and assisting in the reconstitution of the community of District Six and Cape Town by drawing on a heritage of non-racism, non-sexism, anti-class discrimination and the encouragement of debate.
The Centre contains a permanent exhibition of the Rwandan genocide and an exhibition of other genocides around the world. One of the principle reasons for the Centre's existence is to provide educational facilities for a younger generation of Rwandan children, some of whom may not remember the genocide, but whose lives are profoundly affected by it.
Objectives: To increase the knowledge and awareness of the root causes, reality and results of violent conflicts in Africa; to serve as a resource for training on mediation for those seeking to work in peacebuilding, healing and reconciliation in Africa; to establish sustainable networks with organizations in the field of reconciliation, non-violent conflict transformation and organizational development; to conduct research on issues related to peace and transformation of individuals and communities; to produce peace, healing and reconciliation materials.
Cape Town, South Africa
Robben Island Museum operates as a site and living museum. It aims to develop the Island as a national and international heritage and conservation institution. In managing its resources and activities, RIM will strive to maintain the unique and universal symbolism of the Island, nurture creativity and innovation as well as to contribute to the socio-economic development and transformation of the South African society and enrich humanity.
Cape Town, South Africa
Facing the Past –Transforming our Future is Shikaya’s core project in partnership with the Western Cape Education Department and Facing History and Ourselves. Since 2003 the project has been supporting teachers to develop a culture in schools whereby young people learn to become active, tolerant and responsible democratic citizens who value diversity, human rights and peace. Facing the Past – Transforming our Future uses the case studies of Nazi Germany and the Holocaust and apartheid South Africa to help young people connect the past to the moral and ethical decisions they make today.
The purpose of this museum is to bring historical truth to light through the means of education using actual documentation of events that have transpired in the near extermination, and in some cases, the total extermination of native tribes and cultures. It is a memorial to the victims of ethnic cleansing. Racism, discrimination and injustice will be addressed with the purpose of promoting public awareness that these elements of genocide which existed in the past, continue to exist today. A further purpose of the museum will be to address prejudice which is generated toward native peoples through biased reporting of history.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
The Archivo Nacional de la Memoria is a nationla archive that collects data of human rights abuses by the Argentinian state. It was established in 2003 and focuses on the period of state terrorism of the 1970s and 1980s.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
The Historiapolitica.com site offers materials of interest for the academic community - investigators, educational and students, and generally to all the interested in the problems of the Argentine political history of the twentieth century.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Camouflage Comics: Dirty War Images aims at producing reflections - both in the form of verbal and visual material - on the interplay between art, dictatorship and human rights in general and the legacy of the Argentine "dirty war" (1976-83)... These analyses, although they are mainly concerned with the cultural production of a recent past, also shed light on the new comics, urging us to interpret the 'new' in light of the 'old' - and vice versa. In addition, this site contains a discussion-blog where these subjects can be explored in full, with a view of generating new visuals/essays and insights - not specifically related to the 'case' of Argentina, but covering a large array of topics, ranging from comics, censorship, (restrained) artistic practices, human rights, the institutionalization of memory, etc.
San Fransisco, California
This project produces public events and seminars for people identified with polarized groups, and promotes intercultural communication, mutual understanding, and conflict resolution through the expressive arts. Healing the Wounds of History is a process in which experiential techniques are used to work with a group of participants who share a common legacy of historical trauma.
San Francisco, USA
The Closer to the Truth Project uses Adam Zucker’s film, Greensboro: Closer to the Truth to support local reconciliation and justice efforts in communities across the United States. Working closely with grassroots groups and academic institutions on carefully crafted strategic events, the film will become a catalyst for reflection about how the past is linked to the present, and what it might take to heal old wounds. By helping to make the connections between local histories and modern concerns, Active Voice will use Greensboro: Closer to the Truth to: deepen the work of social justice organizations by creating platforms for dialogue; encourage the examination of histories that impact the present; foster civic participation; and support conflict resolution.
The task force had four objectives: 1) To review and evaluate the experience of truth commissions and the different models of imparting justice in times of transition. 2) To summarize as reliably as possible the dimension of human rights violations from all sources over the past four decades. 3) To characterize the Cuban experience and outline the "¡Nunca Más!" that should emerge from it. 4) To substantively address the call for national reconciliation.
Palo Alto, USA
The Forum on Contemporary Europe (FCE) at Stanford University's Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies (FSI) has launched a multi-year collaborative project with research institutes in Europe and the Greater Middle East. The aim of this collaboration is to study how divided societies—viewed in international context, with a focus on the Middle East, Israel, and the Palestinian Authority—reconcile diverging notions of the past, and of democracy, development, and education. Participants are investigating how societies debate internally and attempt to reconcile differences of opinion and political positions regarding these issues.
Facing History and Ourselves is an international educational and professional development organization whose mission is to engage students of diverse backgrounds in an examination of racism, prejudice, and antisemitism in order to promote the development of a more humane and informed citzenry. By studying the historical development of the Holocaust and other examples of genocide, students make the essential connection between history and the moral choices they confront in their own lives.
The Historica-Dominion Institute is a national charitable organization that was launched in September 2009 through the amalgamation of two existing organizations: The Historica Foundation of Canada and The Dominion Institute. The Historica Foundation of Canada was launched in October 1999 with a mission to help all Canadians come to know the fascinating stories that make our country unique. The Dominion Institute was formed in 1997 by a group of young professionals, concerned about the erosion of a common memory and civic identity in Canada. Using groundbreaking public opinion research and innovative TV, new media and in-school programs, the Dominion Institute helped hundreds of thousands of Canadians connect in meaningful ways with the country’s history, shared citizenship and democratic institutions and values. The Dominion Institute’s developed programs under three themes - memory, democracy and identity. Many of these programs continue at The Historica-Dominion Institute.
Historical Memory (MH) is a group of investigation of the National Commission of Repair and Reconciliación (CNRR), whose objective is to elaborate and to disclose a narrative on the armed conflict in Colombia that identifies “the reasons for the sprouting and the evolution of the armed groups illegal” (Law 975 of 2005), as well as the different truths and memories from the violence, by the voices from the victims who have been suppressed or silenced. In addition, the group formulates proposals of public policy that cause the effective exercise of the rights to the truth, justice, the repair and the guarantees of non-repetition.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
The Instituto Espacio para la Memoria is a non-profit organization that collects, reseraches and teaches knowledge about Argentinian State Terrorims of the 1970s and 80s. By uncovering the human rights abuses of the past the institute aims to build a durable democracy. Based in Buenos Aires, Instituto Espacio para la Memoria restores original places of clandestine hiding in the city and makes them accessible to the public. Additionally, it shows exhibitions and organizes conferences and workshops.
New York City, USA
The International Center for Transitional Justice works to redress and prevent the most severe violations of human rights by confronting legacies of mass abuse. ICTJ seeks holistic solutions to promote accountability and create just and peaceful societies. To fulfill that mission, ICTJ links experience from its many field programs with its research in transitional justice.
New York City, USA
The International Coalition of Sites of Conscience is a worldwide network of “Sites of Conscience” – historic sites specifically dedicated to remembering past struggles for justice and addressing their contemporary legacies.
The Legacy of Hope Foundation is a national Aboriginal charitable organization whose purposes are to educate, raise awareness and understanding of the legacy of residential schools, including the effects and intergenerational impacts on First Nations, Métis and Inuit peoples, and to support the ongoing healing process of Residential School Survivors. Fulfilling this mandate contributes towards reconciliation among generations of Aboriginal peoples, and between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal people in Canada.
New York City, USA
The Legacy Project offers a channel for mutual recognition across generations and geography. Through scholarly research and innovative presentation, The Legacy Project will create new — and shared — frameworks for cultural expressions of loss, drawn from Africa, the Americas, Asia and Europe. Our work will help define the language of human loss - its forms, its symbols, its grammar. Framing a dialogue in the global language of loss — among works of creative art and scholarship — is an unprecedented cultural event.
Buenos Aires, Argentina
Memoria Abierta's mission is to preserve the memory of what occurred during the period of state terrorism and its effects throughout Argentine society, in order to enrich democratic culture.The Human Rights organizations that comprise Memoria Abierta believe that joint action strengthens our presence in society and makes us more effective in the work toward the goals that unite us.
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Mississippi Truth Project is a statewide effort to create a culture of truth telling that will bring to light racially motivated crimes and injustices committed in Mississippi between 1945 and 1975. Begun as a grassroots effort in the spring of 2008, the Mississippi Truth Project has brought together individuals and organizations from across the state to tell the truth about the past in order to shape an inclusive and equitable future.
Mexico City, Mexico
In 1999, Memoria y Tolerancia was founded with the purpose of transmitting tolerance through the memory of history. By showing the most significant examples of intolerance committed by mankind, such as acts of genocide, we can come to understand the value of tolerance and diversity. Aims: to teach and diffuse among Mexican society, the importance of tolerance and diversity; to create awareness through the memory of history and the significance of the Holocaust and other genocides; alerting the visitor as to the dangers of hate, discrimination and indifference, in order to thus create awareness, respect and responsibility in each individual.
Santa Fe, Argentina
Narratives of Memory is a project based at the National University of the Littoral and generated by a group of teachers, graduates, and students of the Faculty of Humanities and Sciences.
Washington DC, USA
The National History Center was created by the American Historical Association in 2002 and is dedicated to the study and teaching of history and the advancement of historical knowledge in academia, business, government, journalism, and the public at large. The Center helps historians reach out to broader audiences by providing the historical context necessary to better understand today’s events.
Para Nunca Olvidar collects the history of Indian suffering in the civil war, that officially ended in 1996. By collecting audio testimonies that are aired in national radio the organization provides the accounts of individuals to the greater, often illiterate, public. The essence of the project is to never forget what happened in Guatemala.
The Program on History, Memory, and Conflict is based at the Institute for Conflict Analysis and Resolution at George Mason University. It engages in research, education, and practice concerning production and reproduction of history and memory in conflicts and post-conflict societies. The aim of the Program is to analyze the main mechanisms, stakeholders, and media through which history education is created, disseminated and impacts society and to identify possible models and develop programs for conflict resolution, democracy building, and restoration of justice.
In 2002, the Executive Directors of the National Indian Child Welfare Association and the First Nations Child and Family Caring Society of Canada discussed the lack of understanding between Indigenous and non-Indigenous peoples that is a barrier to improving child welfare services for Indigenous peoples. Recognizing the common issues on both sides of the Canada-US border, they dreamed about a meeting of community leaders, policy makers, and child welfare experts from Canada and the US. These leaders would candidly look back at the history of child welfare interventions into Indigenous families and communities in order to understand the vision and values that guided this practice. With a better understanding of the past, these leaders would then try to re-vision a child welfare system that demonstrated respect and support for Indigenous peoples.
Brazil, Chile, Uruguay
The aim of the Interdisciplinary Net of Recent History Studies is to contribute towards the consolidation of a collective space for the interdisciplinary exchange between the local researchers, as well as the researchers from neighbor countries, who had been through similar traumatic political processes in the last decades. The Net is meant to exchange ideas, to discuss common problems and possible answers to them.
Rhode Island, USA
The Tomaquag Museum is Rhode Island’s only museum entirely dedicated to telling the story of the state’s original inhabitants, and the only museum operated by Native people over the last 52 years. Our Mission is to educate the public regarding native history and culture of the past and connect to Native issues of today through our exhibits, programs, classes, and ceremonies that bring understanding and collaboration between the Indigenous people of our area and the public at large. We want to encourage thoughtful dialogue regarding Native history, current issues in Native America as well as regarding the Arts and Mother Earth.
Recognizing that apology is made meaningful through action, the University and Community Action for Racial Equity (UCARE) formed in 2007. Our goal is first, to understand the role that the University played in administrative, faculty and student support for slavery and racial segregation and discrimination; second, to understand the legacy of that role and its impact on present day racial disparities on and off grounds; and third, to find ways to address and repair that legacy. One essential element of our work is helping the University community and adjacent communities come together to define the actions that will lead toward repair and reconciliation.
The Virginia Foundation for the Humanities (VFH) supports research, education, and programs in the humanities to assist individuals and communities to understand the past and its influence, to question and resolve issues in the present, and to shape a future committed to the common good.
Yuyarisun is an archive of testimonies from peasants of Ayacucho and Huancavelica, Perú, which reports on the political violence that Peruvians experienced during the last two decades.
The Afghanistan Centre at Kabul University (ACKU) was established in 1989 as a central depository for information on Afghanistan. Since its inception, ACKU has collected more than 58,000 documents, 40 percent of which are in the local Afghan languages, Dari and Pashto. The mission of ACKU is to collect, store and share information with a wide body of readers in both Afghan urban and rural settings. It also provides a congenial environment for interactions and interchange by Afghans, international students and researchers, and policy makers. By providing research, education, and public programs and by preserving and providing wider access to its collection, ACKU helps ensure that the people of Afghanistan once again have important resources about their history, culture, and development during one of the country's darkest periods.
The Center for the Study of Peace and Reconciliation (CsPR) conducts social scientific research on peace and reconciliation, and the related issues of conflict, violence, memory and expression. At the same time CsPR explores ways to contribute practically to peace-building. CsPR aims to: 1) Combine studies on Japan’s past and present experiences of war, peace, and war memories with the ongoing peace-building efforts around the world through organizing and promoting social scientific research projects on peace and reconciliation; 2) Organize and promote interdisciplinary academic exchange with scholars and institutions in Hitotsubashi University, Japan, and overseas; 3) Foster an environment that encourages civic groups, private corporations, academic institutions, and the government to think and work together; 4) Build multi-media digital libraries and archives to accumulate, organize, preserve, and improve access to the vast amount of research information in the relevant fields, making CsPR an information center for peace and reconciliation studies; 5) Facilitate education and graduate research on peace and reconciliation studies through CsPR’s various research projects and other activities; 6) Organize and promote public events and open lectures to raise awareness in local communities.
The Center for Research and Documentation on Japan's War Responsibility (JWRC) was established in April 1993. We are dedicated to fulfilling Japan's responsibility to Asians victimized by Japan during WWII. The JWRC is supported by its membership of individuals, who range from historians, legal experts, and writers to conscientious citizens. Since the JWRC was established, it has been publishing Kikan Senso Sekinin Kenkyu (Quarterly Journal: "Study on War Responsibility"), in which certain study results are made public.
Hong Kong, China
The Chinese Alliance for Commemoration of the Sino-Japanese War Victims is a Hong Kong based organization founded in 1988. Our goal is to unite Chinese around the world as well as peace-loving people regardless of their nationalities. We collect material and research on the suffering, casualty, and losses of Chinese people incurred by the Sino-Japanese War (1931-45).
Busan, South Korea
The purpose of Pusan Democracy Park is to establish a space to learn history, which will be helpful to connect present and future. The Pusan Democracy Park was established in honor of the sublime spirit of the citizens of Pusan for democracy, which has played a great part in the development of democracy in Korea through the April 19 Democratic Revolution in 1960, the historic Pusan-Masan Democratic Uprising in 1979 and the June Democratic Uprising in 1987. Using the Pusan Democracy Park as an educational space for history will contribute to raise the historical position of Pusan, the sacred city of democracy.
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
The Documentation Center of Cambodia has two main objectives. The first is to record and preserve the history of the Khmer Rouge regime for future generations. The second is to compile and organize information that can serve as potential evidence in a legal accounting for the crimes of the Khmer Rouge. These objectives represent our promotion of memory and justice, both of which are critical foundations for the rule of law and genuine national reconciliation in Cambodia.
San Carlos, USA
The Global Alliance for Preserving the History of WW II in Asia is a nonprofit, nonpartisan worldwide federation of over 40 grassroots organizations. Founded in 1994, our mission is to preserve the historical truth of the Asia-Pacific War (1931-1945) in order to secure justice for victims, safeguard humanity from repeating mistakes of the past, and bring about genuine reconciliation and lasting peace among all people.
The Historical Justice and Memory Network is a networking platform for researchers and activists working on issues of historical justice and social and public memory. The website provides information and resources to encourage innovative interdisciplinary, transnational and comparative research. It is housed at the Institute for Social Research, Swinburne University of Technology, Melbourne.
Chiang Mai, Thailand
HREIB brings together diverse organizations documenting human rights violations in Burma. HREIB aims to create an accurate historical record of abuses committed under military rule. Through workshops, seminars, and field visits, Truth Project partners improve their documentation skills and engage in joint advocacy campaigns while also preparing for future transitional justice mechanisms, such as a truth commission and/or community-based historical memory projects.
Seoul, South Korea
Since our establishment in July 1990, our voluntary research staff has been devoted to disclosing the truth about the Chongshindae, which, for half a century after the Second World War, had been neglected, and thus to bringing forth a correct understanding and appropriate solutions to the consequent problems. The Institute's activities mainly include research on the suffering Halmoni, research on materials related to the 'military comfort women', education and publicity on these matters, and projects in coalition with relevant social organizations.
Washington DC, USA
Memory and Reconciliation in the Asia-Pacific is a research and policy program located within the Sigur Center for Asian Studies at the George Washington University in Washington D.C. At present the project consists primarily of a database of information. In the near future, the project will expand its focus toward scholarly workshops, commissioning essays, the creation of a Handbook of Historical Reconciliation in East Asia, and symposiums that deal with issues pertaining to progress and remaining historical issues.
Seoul, South Korea
The Northeast Asian History Foundation was founded with the goal of establishing a basis for peace and prosperity in Northeast Asia by confronting distortions of history that have caused considerable anguish in this region and the world at large, and developing a correct understanding of history through comprehensive long-term research and systematic and strategic policy development.
Kingston, ACT, Australia
Reconciliation Australia is an independent, not-for-profit organisation that was established in 2000 by the former Council for Aboriginal Reconciliation. We are the peak national organisation building and promoting reconciliation between Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians for the wellbeing of the nation.
Washington DC, USA
The Taiwan Education and Research Program was established in 2004 at George Washington University to promote and support both academic and policy-related study and research on the history, international relations, and the contemporary political, economic and social development of Taiwan. The need for more focused and advanced study of Taiwan arises from Taiwan's unique international position and internal development. Taiwan's troubled relationship with the People's Republic of China remains a key issue affecting the foreign policy of the United States and creates broader security concerns for the entire Asia-Pacific region.
During World War II, some 27,000 American soldiers were captured by the Japanese military, and of those over 11,000 died during their captivity due to inhumane treatment, executions, starvation and diseases. Of the nearly 14,000 American civilians interned by the Japanese military about 1,500 died as well. Many of them were sent to Japan and forced to work for private Japanese companies as slave laborers. Yet, their history is not well known in Japan or even in the United States. Neither has there been much dialogue between the two countries on this topic. Our goal is to make this bilingual website an effective means of communication and education to promote understanding and dialogue among and between the people of Japan and the United States on the history of American POWs of the Japanese during WWII. We hope that by learning together we will remember and honor the sacrifice made by these people.
The Women's Active Museum of War and Peace (WAM) is a place where the reality of war crimes is recorded and kept for posterity. We come here to remember historical facts about "comfort women," and to listen to their stories. And we raise our voices and say, "Never Again, anywhere in the world." WAM seeks to achieve five main objectives: 1) focus on wartime violence with the objective of upholding that justice free from any gender bias shall be universally applied; 2) gather and exhibit data on individual victims, clarifying who is to take responsibility for such victimization; 3) create a pro-active people’s network to enable a world free of all forms of violence; 4) consolidate such network that would not depend on any state power; and 5) take action to enable cross-border solidarity.
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Youth for Justice and Reconciliation is a project of Youth for Peace - Cambodia. To contribute to the justice process in Cambodia in the context of the proceedings of the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia (ECCC), the YJR project is providing trainings, conducting community dialogues, art workshops, public exhibitions, theater, trips to former local mass killing places, visits to memory sites in Phnom Penh and water ceremonies.
Germany, Turkey, Armenia
This project aims to build bridges between Turkey and Armenia’s populations through adult education, intercultural exchange and oral history research. The project particularly addresses the young generation in both societies, as they will play a key role in shaping relations between the two neighbouring countries in the near future. It aims at building up and strengthening relations between the youth in order to promote dialogue and bring about mutual understanding. Moreover, the project focuses on remembering the Turkish – Armenian past by telling individual stories from both societies (by the means of oral history research). Given their interconnected history and the fact that Turkey and Armenia are in the process of coming to terms with a complex, conflicted and intertwined past, the sharing of the memories of ordinary individuals is seen as a valuable contribution to the process of reconciliation and democratization. We believe that remembering the past, accepting responsibility and achieving forgiveness are important means towards a peaceful future for the two neighbouring societies.
The Aegis Trust campaigns against crimes against humanity and genocide. Aegis undertakes policy-based research on the prevention of genocide and crimes against humanity and campaigns for the protection of groups under threat.
We believe in the ability of the arts to offer forms of expression that transcend national and regional differences so that those who live different lives in different areas can communicate with others who have different beliefs and different identities and come together around their common values. We believe that isolation, insensitivities, and prejudices can be overcome through cultural interaction. We believe that artistic expression contributes to freedom. Anadolu Kültür is a civil initiative, committed to fostering mutual understanding through arts and culture, and has been working as an NGO on the sharing of culture and artistic production, focused on community development, participation, and a multi-stakeholder approach since 2002.
The Andrei Sakharov Museum and Public Center is both a cultural institution and a public organization promoting the formation of civil society in Russia. The mission of the Andrei Sakharov Museum and Public Center is to contribute to the preservation of the historic memory of tens of millions of victims of the political repressions and crimes of the Soviet regime, and to contribute to the establishment of the values of an open democratic society and state in today's Russia, as advocated, and shared by Andrei Sakharov.
The Association’s mission is to defend and promote productive dialogue and research in issues regarding history and history teaching to develop historical thinking and strengthen peace, stability and, democracy and critical thinking. AHDR has set as one of its priorities the teacher training on the epistemology and methodology of history teaching and learning. AHDR believes that by teaching and learning to cope confidently with the familiar and the less familiar, to question accounts, to come to grips with multiperspectivity, to evaluate historical significance, to construct interpretations through disciplined argument and debate, to acknowledge and celebrate a multiplicity of potential identities, we can assist in promoting tolerance, equality, honesty, social justice, respect for human rights, and empower our competence as citizens of Cyprus and Europe to resolve conflict by democratic means.
The Asociación para la Recuperación de la Memoria Histórica or ARMH is a Spanish organization that collects the oral and written testimonies about the victims of the regimes of Francisco Franco and excavates and identifies their bodies that were often dumped in mass graves. It is a group of about 50 Spanish archaeologists, anthropologists and forensics scientists. The group tries to identify the places of execution through records and interviewing the locals. Sometimes they also receive anonymous information about them. They try to exhume the bodies and identify the remains of the victims with DNA tests and other forensic methods. As of September 2006, ARMH had conducted 40 excavations and found remains of 520 victims. As of October 2009 the group had identified the remains of 1.700 victims.
The Center for Democracy and Reconciliation in Southeast Europe is a non-governmental, non-profit organisation that seeks to foster democratic, pluralist, and peaceful societies in Southeast Europe by advocating principles of social responsibility, sustainable development, and reconciliation among the peoples in the region. These goals are accomplished via seminars, conferences, research projects, exchange programmes, opinion polls, and publications. One of Center's programs is the Joint History Project, which is a long-term participative project that brings together historians, teachers, pedagogues, CSOs and students to work together towards the emergence of democratic and peaceful societies in the region, through multi-perspective history education.
The central theme of work in the Center for History, Democracy and Reconciliation (CHDR) is to foster cooperation in the divided region and to promote democratic values and reconciliation. The CHDR will have a modern, democratic political influence on our societies which emphasizes tolerance. The establishment of this Center, and its future work, will contribute to the creation of a more positive political climate in the region that is much closer to Western standards of democracy. The CHDR will work on changing the dominant collective and patriarchal identity into an individual civil identity by expanding the presence of civil society in the former Yugoslavia.
The TRAME Centre is dedicated to the research and study of individual and cultural memory genres, places and representations within conflict and post-conflict situations. In particular, much attention is devoted to violence, collective traumas and the role of forms of testimony in the broader projections of post-conflict issues. The Centre will contribute to debates on memory and memory studies, a field where these different but interconnected subjects are explored.
Drawing on long-standing research strengths in humanities, arts and social sciences at the University of Brighton, the Centre for Research in Memory, Narrative and Histories brings together researchers with related and complementary interests, providing a focus for research development and a platform for engagement with the wider academic community.
The Civic Academy Foundation came into being as a result of the Council of Europe’s suggestion to set up a foundation to create and administer the Sighet Memorial project, which was adopted by the international forum. Among its goals are civic education, youth education, a good knowledge of Romania’s past, and, to this end, the restoration of the contemporary Romanian history that was falsified during the period of the communist dictatorship.
Founded in 2003 Documenta works against the suppression and falsification of the history of war crimes and other war incidents between 1941–2000 which affected the newer history of both Yugoslavia and post-Yugoslav countries. Documenta seeks to intensify and deepen public dialogue on dealing with the past, documents facts on war events, conducts oral history, develops new ways of teaching Yugoslav history from 1941-2000 in high schools and universities and shapes commemorative cultures.
The Estonian Institute of Historical Memory was established by President Toomas Hendrik Ilves in 2008 in order to provide the citizens of Estonia with a thorough and objective account of the status of human rights during the Soviet occupation of Estonia. The Institute will commission research into the details of life under Soviet rule, and intensify the collection of individual memories, in order to determine precisely and without ideological bias how, and to what extent, the human rights of the people of Estonia were violated. The Institute’s mission also fulfills an obligation to the citizens of Estonia, so that they may better understand what they themselves or their parents and grandparents endured under Soviet rule. The results of the Institute’s research, and its contribution to international debate on this subject, are intended to create a reliable data base for a broader study both of developments within Estonia under Soviet rule, and of their ramifications for modern Estonia and for the whole of Central and Eastern Europe since the collapse of the Soviet Union.
The overall aim of EUROCLIO is to promote and support the development of history education so that it strengthens peace, stability, democracy and critical thinking.
Reconciliation of European Histories – an informal group of Members of European Parliament – provides a platform for the MEPs to play an active role in improving reconciliation and converging the European historical narratives.
Textbook and Conflict Research Program: There are two ways of analysing the relation between textbooks and conflict, based on an understanding of conflict as the - socially constructed and communicated - incompatibility of different people's positions. If we focus on socio-political conflicts, we are essentially interested in the way in which such conflicts are reflected in textbooks and the way in which textbooks trigger conflicts. If we focus on textbooks, we can define their function in conflicts as follows: as a medium which sustains conflicts and passes on patterns of thought, and thereby encourages future conflict and even violent behaviour; or as a way of dealing with or preventing conflict. The very origins of 'textbook work' lie in conflict prevention, which is based on the attempt to rid textbooks of their potential to perpetuate conflict.
The Genocide and Resistance Research Centre of Lithuania is a state institution which investigates all manifestations of genocide and crimes against humanity, the persecution during the Soviet and Nazi occupations, and the armed and peaceful resistance to the occupations. The objectives of the Centre are to establish historical truth and justice; to investigate the physical and spiritual genocide of Lithuanians carried out by the occupying regimes between 1939 and 1990, and the resistance to the regimes; to immortalise the memory of the freedom fighters and the genocide victims; and to initiate the juridical evaluation of the aftermath of the occupying regimes. The Centre also researches the policy of the occupying regime in the Vilnius district from 1920 to 1939 and the processes of resistance to it.
Geschichtswerkstatt Europa is a programme of the foundation “Remembrance, Responsibility and Future“ addressing the issue of European remembrance. Its aim is to strengthen dialogue between young Europeans comparing the differences and similarities in historical perceptions of the collective experience of oppression in the 20th century at a national, regional and local level. The Institute for Applied History coordinates the funding of projects in cooperation with the European University Viadrina. The International Forum is organised by the Global and European Studies Institute at the University of Leipzig.
The mission of the Gernika Peace Museum Foundation is to preserve, display, publicise, conduct research and educate visitors in the basic ideas of the culture of peace, and the past and present relation of this culture to the history of Gernika-Lumo, so that, together with other history and peace organisations, Gernika-Lumo, the province of Bizkaia and the Basque Country be used as local, regional, national and international references in the search for peace and culture.
In remembrance of the victims of National Socialist injustice, the Foundation Remembrance, Responsibility and Future (Die Stiftung "Erinnerung, Verantwortung und Zukunft," or EVZ) works to promote human rights and understanding between peoples. It also upholds its commitment to the survivors. The Foundation is thus an expression of the continuing political and moral responsibility of the state, industry and society for the wrongs committed in the name of National Socialism. The Foundation supports international projects in the following areas: 1) a critical examination of history, 2) working for human rights, and 3) commitment to the victims of National Socialism.
Belfast, Northern Ireland
Healing through Remembering is an extensive cross-community project made up of a range of individual members holding different political perspectives working on a common goal of how to deal with the legacy of the past as it relates to the conflict in Northern Ireland.
The History Foundation is a non-governmental organization working in the public interest with the objective of developing and extending history consciousness in Turkey.
The HLC focuses on bringing justice to victims of the Yugoslav wars. In the post-conflict period, HLC has dedicated itself to campaigning for the rights of victims of war crimes, and society, to know the truth about what happened to them and their loved ones; to see justice done; to reparation both material and symbolic; and the right to non-repetition; that is, the separation of known perpetrators from state institutions, and positions of authority.
After having largely contributed to the study of very recent French history, the IHTP is now engaged in a trend towards Europeanization of research in contemporary history, promoting a distanced view on societies from a transnational perspective of the past which the IHTP refers to as "shared history". Collective and individual research is focused on three broad themes and one epistemological orientation: traces, events, war and violence; birth and mutation of “wellbeing societies” in the XXth and XXIst centuries; justice, politics, and society; and epistemology and writing the history of present time.
The IHJR seeks to promote reconciliation, tolerance and understanding in divided societies by dispelling public myths of disputed historical legacies. To this end, the IHJR engages respected scholars and public opinion leaders from opposing sides of a conflict to work together to create and disseminate shared narratives that provide reliable facts and commentary as a basis for public debate and discussion. Through these collaborative efforts, the IHJR also seeks to develop networks of engaged citizens from academia, civil society and the media, that work together to confront and avert the misuse of disputed historical legacies.
The IICC/UOK (Institute for Information on the Crimes of Communism) was founded in 2006. The aim of the organization is to honor the victims of Communism and to raise awareness of Communist crimes, with a special attention to the younger generations. The IICC/UOK also promotes vigilance towards other totalitarian and anti-democratic movements. The IICC/UOK publishes information materials and media, surveys, reports, and teaching materials, participates in the public debate, and organizes film screenings, seminars, hearings, media events and exhibitions related to the subject.
The Institute for Studies of the Recent Past encourages and supports research of modern Bulgarian history. The Institute, relying on the achievements of modern social and humanitarian sciences, is studying the Communist regime as thoroughly as possible, not only as an ideological and political phenomenon, but also from a historical, psychological, social, and even anthropological point of view. The crimes of the regime have to be explicitly named, but its changes over the years also need to be analysed, in order to reveal the model's hidden similarities and persistency. Through the years of its existence the Institute has initiated and implemented numerous projects and activities. With different scope and dimension they all try to provoke the institutional, educational social and individual capacity to know and understand the Communist past.
The International Association of Genocide Scholars is a global, interdisciplinary, non-partisan organization that seeks to further research and teaching about the nature, causes, and consequences of genocide, and advance policy studies on prevention of genocide.
The Imre Kertész Kolleg Jena Europe's East in the 20th Century. Historical Experiences in Comparison at the Friedrich-Schiller-University is an institution of interdisciplinary and transnational research. The Kolleg's scholars and international fellows jointly conduct research and benefit from ideal preconditions for intensive scientific labour and fruitful exchange. Due to common dialogue, a critical reassessment of ones own research, methodological approach, and scientific thesis, crucial findings in the field of Eastern European history of the 20th century are expected, thus enriching the scientific landscape. For its fellows, the Kolleg is an Institute for Advanced Studies offering an opportunity to further scientific work and to use the extraordinary potential of an international and interdisciplinary setting for scientific exchange, critical and supportive dialogue. The Kolleg actively addresses the scientific community by its manifold events and publications. It is expected to reach beyond its geographic limits by means of an interactive portal, dealing with contemporary questions concerning Eastern European cultures and histories.
Operating from the German-Polish border, the Institute for Applied History fosters exchange on historical perceptions in Europe. It conducts projects and research addressing sensitive issues of memory culture with a particular emphasis on regions shaped by borders. The notion of »Applied History« refers to a specific approach taken by the Institute in which civil action regarding historical topics is a central issue. The Institutes activities are comprised within the following fields of activity: European Remembrance, German-Polish Borderlands and Applied History. Working from our offices at the European University Viadrina in Frankfurt (Oder), the Institute also runs the programme »Geschichtswerkstatt Europa« (History Workshop Europe) for the Foundation »Remembrance, Responsibility and Future« (EVZ). For further information see: www.instytut.net.
The educational portal “Learning from History” addresses teachers, people working on historical and citizenship education outside school contexts, and everyone who is interested in generating ways of learning about twentieth-century history that speak to the needs of the present day. “Learning from History” advocates a historical and citizenship education that addresses power and authority, violence and discrimination, but also democratic and resistant action – and, more than that, contributes to way of living together that is based on democracy and equality.
Memory at War is an transnational, transdisciplinary collaborative project investigating the cultural dynamics of the ‘memory wars’ currently raging in Poland, Russia and Ukraine. Employing a collaborative methodology grounded in the analytical and critical practices of the humanities, the project seeks to explore how public memory of twentieth-century traumas mediates the variety of wars in which East European nations develop in postsocialist space.
Nation's Memory Institute is a public institution founded by the Act of the National Council of the Slovak Republic No. 553/2002 Coll. The mission of the Institute is to provide for the access to the up to date undisclosed records of the activities of the repressive organs of the Slovak and Czechoslovak states in the period of oppression in the years 1939-1989.
Groningen, The Netherlands
The Network of Concerned Historians wants to provide a bridge between international human rights organizations campaigning for censored or persecuted historians (and others concerned with the past) and the global community of historians.
The purpose of the Remember project consists in creating the framework for integrating and accumulating new pieces of knowledge upon the events that took place during the period 1944-64 throughout Eastern Europe, when fundamental, democratic and traditional values had been destroyed in the context of the Stalinist occupation and of the imposition of the Communist dictatorship. The submitted events aim at imparting and at exchanging experience with respect to the modalities of remembering this dark side of history as support for building a new profile of active citizen of Europe.
S-KESKUS is a non-profit association aiming at developing the academic as well as popular research of the recent history of Estonia creating for its members favourable conditions for launching, carrying out, and maintaining recent history research projects, publishing the findings and source materials, arranging scientific symposiums, conferences, and seminars, co-operating with research organzations of similar nature in Estonia and abroad, publishing materials about the activities of the association. Under Estonian recent history we mean the periods of German and Soviet occupation, i. e. years 1940 - 91. This field, so far having been sporadically and insufficiently studied, should become one of the priorities of our historical science in the coming years. Eventually we should get a complete picture of the Nazi and Soviet occupations in Estonia. Such knowledge would be of interest for comparison for scientists from other countries having undergone the same kind of historical conditions. The fragile democratic political systems of Eastern Europe are rather unprotected against the possibility of the totalitarian deformities to repeat themselves.
The Study Centre for National Reconciliation examines recent Slovenian history with an emphasis on the study of all three totalitarian systems present in the Slovenian territory: Fascism, Nazism and Communism. We collect and study documents, stories and memories from witnesses of that time; publish research and collected testimonies; organise consultations and discussions on the topic of Slovenian history in the 20th century; are involved in educational process and establish connections with related institutions from Europe and all over the world. With our research and operation, we try to increase the understanding of recent historical events which have marked Slovenian people and highlight not yet explored and often secretive topics.
Activities: Working meeting of the historians and civic actors from Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia; meetings with historians from the Armenian regions; international conferences, seminars and roundtables. Aims: civil society development in Armenia; improvement of history education in Armenia; breaking stereotypes of enemies between Armenia and Azerbaijan through the cooperation of historians and civic actors; cooperation with young Armenian historians. The Union works under the umbrella of the Analytical Center on Globalization and Regional Cooperation.
The mission of the Unitas Foundation is to build reconciliation within and between societies divided by totalitarianism. While the foundation opposes totalitarianism regardless of time and place, it mainly focuses on the investigation and disclosure of crimes committed by Communist regimes. Awareness of the world’s Communist legacy will ensure that people regardless of their origin will understand Communism with all its implications. This helps to avoid such mistakes in the future and aids nations that suffered from Communist crimes in coming to terms with their past.
The Civil Peace Service is a German state organization that employs different techniques in conflict resolution and prevention in conflict and post-conflict countries. The organization has a strong interest in narrative projects.
Middle East / North Africa
akakurdistan.com is a a borderless space, provides the opportunity to build a collective memory with a people who have no national archive. Images and recollections serve as testimony to the long and suppressed history of the Kurds.
The Khalil Al Sakakini Cultural Center is dedicated to the promotions of arts and culture in Palestine. In its program area "Palestinian narratives" the center develops projects that deal with Palestinian cultural heritage and memory.
Breaking the Silence collects and publishes testimonies from soldiers who have served in the West Bank, Gaza and East Jerusalem since September 2000. It holds lectures, house meetings, and other public events which bring to light the reality in the Territories through the voice of former combatants. It also conducts tours in Hebron and the South Hebron Hills region, with the aim of giving the Israeli public access to the reality which exists in its own back yard, yet is rarely portrayed in the media.
The Palestine Center for Conflict Resolution and Reconciliation provides professional training programs and ongoing consultation. We help organizations enhance their knowledge and skills in order to sustain principled negotiation and mediation approaches to conflicts. Target populations are key "multipliers" in Palestinian society, with priority given to schools (teachers, students and parents, youth security forces, leaders of non-government organizations working for peace and reconciliation, student leaders, women's groups, government officials and others). In the framework of its history program CCRR brings palestinian and israeli history teachers together to discuss textbooks and how to find ways to teach the history of the region and the conflict, taking the other side into account.
The Iraq History Project (IHP) gathers and analyzes personal narratives from victims, their families, witnesses, perpetrators and others regarding human rights violations committed during Saddam Hussein’s regime. These testimonies document the experience of torture, massacres, assassinations, rape, chemical weapons attacks, disappearances, and other acts of systematic repression. The IHP’s victim-centered historical record of past violations is designed to facilitate national reconciliation, encourage the implementation of policies that assist victims of past and present violations, and help build the foundations for the defense and protection of fundamental human rights in Iraq.
Washington D.C. / Baghdad, Iraq
In order to have a future, and to lay the foundations of justice for the future, the people of Iraq must come to terms with the atrocities perpetrated in their name during three decades of Ba’thist rule. The ultimate rationale behind the Iraq Memory Foundation (MF) is that the truth can help heal a society that has been politically and physically brutalized on a large scale. The Iraq Memory Foundation has no “higher” purpose than to place the Iraqi experience of suffering and oppression, between 1968 and 2003, in the global context of the history of pain and suffering. The MF seeks to do this by filming and archiving the individual stories of many thousands of survivors and witnesses of atrocity. The MF also seeks to digitize, index and classify the totality of the documents recovered from the outgoing regime that deal with Iraqi pain and suffering.
Omid: a Memorial in Defense of Human Rights is an electronic database of human rights violations in Iran. The Memorial is dedicated to the victims of the Islamic Republic since it was established in 1979. Omid’s ultimate goal however is to be an impartial historical record that includes victims of human rights violations since December 10, 1948...Omid also bears witness to the close connection between the disregard for human rights and political violence. Founded on the persecution of its citizens, the Islamic Republic of Iran has predictably few qualms about using violence as a component of its foreign policy. By commemorating its victims regardless of their nationality, Omid testifies to this reality.
This online project is a collection of oral history, photographs and maps of the Nakba.
Founded in 2004 UMAM R&D is a Lebanese NGO guided by the belief that acknowledging Lebanon’s relatively recent past requires that important evidence and artifacts of its history be carefully collected, protected, and promoted to the public. UMAM produces publications, exhibitions as well as films that document and analyze the history of conflicts and how Lebanese society is dealing with it. UMAM raises awareness that “Closing the files” is the wrong approach for sustainable peace in Lebanon, but that the country urgently must deal with its history of violence.
Zochrot [“Remembering”] is a group of Israeli citizens working to raise awareness of the Nakba, the Palestinian catastrophe of 1948. Zochrot works to make the history of the Nakba accessible to the Israeli public so as to engage Jews and Palestinians in an open recounting of our painful common history. The organizations believes that by bringing the Nakba into Hebrew, the language spoken by the Jewish majority in Israel, it can make a qualitative change in the political discourse of this region. Zochrot produces publications and exhibition, organizes guided tours through Israel/Palestine and does advocacy. Zochrot follows the principle that acknowledging the past is the first step in taking responsibility for its consequences.